7 Basic Things Of Coding that All New Programmers Should Know

Know the Important and Fundamental things before you start coding


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Things That A New Programmer Should Know

There are many Websites Through Which You can Learn Coding In Easy Ways but before it, know about some fundamentals. If you have ever and recently ventured in the professional software developers’ world, you should possibly be aware about the business of writing code for a living that you even can’t learn from a university course or any other coding academy. Whether you’re an older worker who’s transitioned to programming or a recent graduate starting your first developer job, you need to go through given seven pieces of advice for newbie coders from those who’ve been there and been doing that for years.

Underlying systems’ Learning

One of the major parts of software development is to have knowledge about programming languages. It is also quite essential for coders or developers to be aware about the matter and other things that are going on lower down the stack.

“Lots of languages abstract far away from what is going on the system level, and that abstraction is beneficial because it enables the developers to be more productive much of the time. But when you hit a roadblock, a really nasty bug, and need a deeper understanding of what’s happening under the hood, well it’s a useful skill to be able to debug a process and look at the system calls and really see how a piece of code is interacting with the rest of the system” said by Pete Bull – a support engineer at Acquia.

Similarly, “When I was just beginning programming, there were a lot of things that I really didn’t understand about computers themselves. File systems, networking, and how things are kept in memory are three obvious examples. This meant that I would not necessarily understand the goals of some of the programming constructs I was being presented with.” Robert Douglass, VP of Customer Satisfaction told the IT World.

Know command line tools

The command line is the eventual seat of power on your system. Utilizing the command line, you can function amazing features of wizardry and speed, taming your system and getting it to do surely what you want. Unluckily, the price of this power is complexity: no one ever spoke that governing your system would be easy.

The command line is merely a place where you type commands to the system. The computer is your dutiful servant, and will try to carry out any command that are understandable by it. Inappropriately, the computers do not speak English, or even any other languages that are spoken by human beings (although it has recognizable elements). In order to give it commands, we must first take initiative to learn the language of the system.

There are chances that as a developer you may pass most of your precious time working on a code editor or even a fancy IDE. Nevertheless, also be known about how to execute such things at the command line could every so often make your life easier.

A 20-year old person who is a programmer, and a veteran, also wished to remain anonymous, told IT World, “many times you find yourself on a machine where a pile of tasks has to be done right now and equipment are very limited. Be known with the shell like you know how to breathe. Tools like find, comm, diff, vi/vim, sed, awk. How to make small scripts right on the command line to look for the file that needs to change right now just because of the reason that production is broken and Joe who identified a URL in said unknown file is on vacation in Fiji.”

Bull, who started using Microsoft tools, then gradually moved to Linux, agreed by saying, “I would have learned the ins and outs of the command line and all of the beneficial utilities that are available on a nix system. I can really recall code that I wrote years ago, and possibly passed my days or weeks working on, that probably could have been done better in a grep + awk one-liner.”

Your debugger is your friend

One thing that a programmer should do is learn to work with the debugger. Turn it on and step through the code. When the code flops, you can see all of the variables and their values and it may help you comprehend where the failure is. As a coder, you will be spending majority of your time in tracking down bugs. Dave Varon, a bioinformatics developer at Novartis, highlighted the advantage of a debugger and it how can overshadow the initial costs of your time. “Learn to use your debugger!” he told IT World. “Take that extra day or two to configure it. When you don’t see the desired result, just debug it: set breakpoints, step through your code, and especially 3rd party code. It will save your many days of frustration, and even better, you will get to know things about coding you can only learn by reading someone else’s code.”

Learn to write tests

Unit testing is critical for some coders and they feel their selves uncomfortable with it. They need to write tests to authenticate the small units of code. Between those people is Richard Handloff, who is a database developer with Strategic Power Systems, he said in an email to IT World, that “I think the best bit of advice I’d give someone who wants to learn to program is to learn to write good tests and learn to write your tests really early in the process.”

Plan on change and learning new systems

As we all are well aware of the fact that technology is changing rapidly these days, the underlying systems, all of its languages, equipment and tools used by coders also go through changes.

Adam Wulf – a mobile programmer and creator of Milestone Made, recommends that fresh coders ought to be prepared, and stay ahead of change. “Right now, I’m of the mind that you should plan to learn importantly brand new technology stack every ~ 4 years,” he said. “Good foundational knowledge is always applicable, but the tools, equipment and technology you will be using every day will be completing different every 4 years.”

“Projects are never written merely in one language utilizing one framework anymore,” said the programmer who desired to remain anonymous. “You are never going to work on just one thing in one project, get used to moving from project to project and from language/technology to language/technology,” he wrote.

Play well with others

Although the conventional thought is that coders work alone, developers still have to work with other people. Ben Miller, the CTO of Sinclair Digital Ventures, emphasized on the significance of being able to work as a part of team to your career success. “Big projects mean lots of stirring parts coming together and how they fit together and divide up the problem can make impossible engineering problems if you aren’t vigilant.” he wrote via email to IT World. “Before putting an effort on the optimization of that one algorithm, work with the team and make certain that there isn’t a re-division of the problem that makes each person’s problem simpler. Coding is a team sport!”

Reiterating the significance of people skills, Varon says, “If you can’t figure it out yourself by re-intuiting the API or debugging, ask for help. Just because you think you’ve written a masterpiece doesn’t mean it isn’t crap or can’t be better. Just like in college, other people in the room have the same questions, or questions only you can answer. Develop a rapport with colleagues. Often just stating the problem aloud enables a eureka moment.”

An anonymous source who shared a similar thought on the advantages about being a team player told IT World, “Stepping up to the plate and doing what is asked of you even though it is grunt work will keep you employed as well,” he said. In that situation, he also warned, “But be careful, you may get stuck doing it all the time.”

Don’t be afraid to code yourself out of a job

“Coding yourself out of a job gets you promoted,” it was rather an interesting piece of advice by Miller, which at first blush, may not appear instinctive. Moreover he told IT World “Find the easiest ways to solve problems and make your code resilient and maintenance free and people will give you more and more to do. They will even ask you to teach others to do what you do,” he explained. “In short, worrying about (or at least coding for) job security puts a damper on your career.”

Read More: Top 5 Online Free Courses For Application Developers From International Universities

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Ramsha Khan

Ramsha is a freelance writer, lives in Lahore, Pakistan.

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